Development of Attachment


  • Amelia Bachleda, PhD
  • Naja Ferjan Ramirez, PhD
  • Jane Hu, PhD
  • Jennifer Larson, PhD
  • Sarah Roseberry Lytle, PhD
  • Molly McElroy, PhD
  • Lily Shafer, BA
  • Elizabeth Zack, PhD
  • Patricia K. Kuhl, PhD
  • Andrew N. Meltzoff, PhD
  • Attachment
    the lasting emotional bond that forms between infants and their primary caregivers
    Proximity maintenance
    a child stays close to an attachment figure for comfort and protection
    Safe haven
    an attachment figure provides comfort and safety when a child feels unsure
    Secure base
    an attachment figure’s presence gives a child the confidence to explore her environment
    Separation distress
    a child experiences stress or anxiety when an attachment figure leaves