Have you ever considered what your brain must do to process a printed word? Learning to read requires massive changes in the wiring of the brain. The brain must develop new ways to combine visual, auditory, and language information. Consider what your brain must do each time you see a word: First your brain must recognize a complex pattern. It must then convert this image to a sound as you hear the word that was printed on the page. The brain must then match this sound with its meaning. What’s more, this whole process must occur in the blink of an eye, just a few hundred milliseconds, for you to fluidly read a page of text. The ability to match a sound with its meaning is a process that is built over years of experience with language. But the ability to quickly decode printed symbols, or letters, into sounds requires substantial training and practice.