From birth, the infant brain is wired to gather information from experiences. Every day, babies learn about the world around them and about the role that language and communication play. The experience a child gains is critical to their foundation for literacy. By three years of age, a child’s speech skills and vocabulary predict how easy it will be for them to learn to read and write. This is because a child’s exposure to language introduces them to an important building block for literacy: phonemes. Phonemes are the smallest unit of speech sounds that combine to form words. These small sounds take on important new meaning when children learn the alphabet.