What are some of the elements that you thought Mr. Javier could have incorporated into his lesson? Explicit phonics instruction involves several key elements. It involves reading letters and words repeatedly, and pointing to the letters as you sound words out. It is important to overemphasize syllables and specific phonemes. Work on breaking words apart, and exaggerate letter shapes as you draw them. And finally, associate words with what they mean like Mr. Javier did with the letter “p.”